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What is Testing Strategy? | Definition, Basics and Importance in SDLC

One of the most common questions we get is “what is testing strategy” and how a good strategy affects the overall process of software development in an organization. This article will focus on the basics and their applications.

What is Testing Strategy?

In the context of the software development life cycle, a test strategy is a document that describes a testing strategy (SDLC). On an organizational level, test documentation can take the form of a high-level executive summary, or it can be extremely specific and practical, like a test case for a particular function. Providing test documentation at any level can reduce time and expense, encourage consistency, and provide stakeholders with important information. 

The Test Strategy Document is a well-written piece of software testing documentation that outlines the precise methodology and testing goals for the software application. The test document, which is a crucial document for QA teams and is derived from actual business requirements, directs the entire team regarding the approach to software testing and the goals for each activity in the process. The questions of what you want to accomplish and how you plan to do it are all addressed in a test strategy document. A tester can learn to write an effective Strategy document with practice. The plan for the testing strategy should be shared with the entire team so that everyone is clear on roles and expectations.

So, what is testing strategy? It concentrates on the "what" questions, such as: What are the key testing objectives are answered by a test strategy. What kinds of tests are included in the scope? What is out of bounds? What are risks and how can they be mitigated? What is the finish line, or more specifically, where is the line that delineates the end of testing?

Why is Testing Strategy Important?

In software engineering, test strategy documents are periodically reviewed before software release to guide testing in the right direction. Many of these tasks will be abandoned as the release date approaches, so it is advisable to ask team members if skipping any particular task will help ensure a risk-free release.

Process of Making a Testing Strategy:

Defining the scope of the tests is the first step. 1) Who will review the document, according to its definitions? 2) Who will approve this document, and 3) who will completed software testing tasks on schedule? The first step should be the testing approach, which outlines the testing procedure as well as the various testing levels, team member roles and responsibilities, testing approach, and automation tools.

The Test Environment is the following step, where testers specify the number of requirements and setup necessary for each environment. Additionally, restore strategy and backup plan for test data are described. The testing tools that must be used come next. Tools for test management and automation are required. Determine the number of open-source and paid tools needed, as well as how many users will be supported, and make plans accordingly. This is where WeTest shines with its premium and industry-leading Test Automation services where clients get the support of integration with the most popular CI/CD tools to trigger automated tests with each build action. Once they have built an app, the tool can automatically push it for testing on devices on the WeTest cloud. Moreover, they will get all test results into one view and other features like debugging mobile Apps using Logs, Video Recording, ScreenShot, Case Analysis, Device Analysis, and Performance Analysis.

Things to Keep in Check:

Before we wrap up the question of what is testing strategy and other concepts, we laid down, it should be stated that being consistent throughout the organization is made possible by using testing templates, which is a great idea. The author of test strategies gets accustomed to the necessary information, which can also save time. It's normal and acceptable that a project will frequently call for combining different test strategies. The most critical step is including the data. Along with listing the items to be tested, it's also critical to keep track of the ones that weren't. As a result, scope creep may be avoided. Perhaps a different strategy is required. Occasionally, during the software development and testing life cycles, new details or significant flaw are discovered. According to the requirements of the project, the strategy should be modified. We also recommend Live App Testing from WeTest which directly affects the outcomes of one’s testing routines and positively affects the real-world expectations.

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