To define quality assurance, let's first consider what quality is: Quality is the adherence to expectations, norms, and regulations, whether they are stated explicitly or implicitly. An internal quality control system is established to ensure that these requirements are met. It takes a process called quality control (QC) to attain or enhance product quality. The SDLC waste process elimination efforts can also be a part of the QC process. A variety of testing procedures are utilized in QC operations to find and fix technical problems. Throughout the SDLC, these are followed together with the development procedures. Quality Assurance (QA) is the term for the metaprocess that makes sure that the procedures that allow for QC work are continuously and consistently improved and maintained.
Testing for quality assurance involves determining whether a system or one of its components satisfies the requirements. Simply put, software quality assurance is the process of carrying out a series of operations to find discrepancies, mistakes, and bugs that go against the requirements. Determining software quality can be challenging. This is so because different people will have different definitions of quality. Software quality may be assessed from a variety of angles by various stakeholders and entities based on how well it adheres to its standards, expectations, and requirements.
The processes in the quality assurance process might be numerous and intricate. We may connect it with the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) model, a popular method for managing continuous process improvement, to make it simpler. The PDCA model can be used to lay out the steps of the quality assurance process as follows which are typically four in total:
The planning stage: It is the first and most important step. A management or quality assurance specialist will decide on specific goals for producing high-quality products and recommend workable strategies to carry those goals forward. The company can already anticipate any potential issues at this point.
Stage of Execution: As its name implies, this phase permits the application of the processes identified in the phase before. The company executes its quality strategy, which calls for creating policies, hiring employees, and putting quality controls in place.
Checking Stage: This stage involves comparing the test results to what was anticipated. This aids in determining whether the goods adhere to the requirements. If they succeed, the experts go to the last phase. Nevertheless, if they don't, they return to the first.
Action Stage: Based on the outcomes of the previous stage, the organization takes action in this last stage to improve the quality plan. This entails modifying the quality strategy, putting new practices into place, and continuing to keep an eye on the quality outcomes.
Apart from the definition and basic concepts related to the question “what does QA stand for in the software”, we need to also see its implications. Once done, developers will get these direct advantages from QA:
1. Dependable and consistent quality of goods or services
2. Decrease in errors, waste, and defects
3. Increased consumer loyalty & satisfaction
4. Increased productivity and efficiency
5. Identifying process improvement opportunities
6. And the observance of laws & standards
QA comes with some disadvantages as well, these include:
1. High initial expenditure on materials and training.
2. A protracted and difficult process.
3. Could develop a bureaucratic, strict structure.
4. Measuring the efficiency of quality assurance can be challenging.
5. Not necessarily appropriate for all businesses or project types can result in an erroneous impression of security and comfort
Test Automation from WeTest makes sure that the QA budget of an organization is reduced as much as possible thanks to its cloud-based mobile application testing service that allows you to perform automated testing in popular frameworks. Through real Android and iOS devices. Also, tools like PerfSight from WeTest give clients superior quality controls and assist developers to discover game performance problems, optimizing the player experience, and improving key performance indicators, which now support mobile and console.
In an attempt to answer the question “what does QA stand for in software development”, we can know to summarize that Quality Assurance is used to make sure that a product or service complies with all specifications & quality standards. To do this, standards & procedures must be established, processes must be monitored, and corrective measures must be taken as needed.