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Localization Testing is Functional or Nonfunctional?

Localization testing is functional or nonfunctional? It's hard to say. Before answering this question, we need to understand the difference between functional and non-functional testing, and what localization testing is. In this blog, these questions will be answered.

Functional Testing: Ensuring the Software Works as Intended

Functional testing is a sub-set of software testing that focuses on verifying that the software operates in accordance with technical, business, and customer requirements. This type of testing is a form of black-box testing, in which each function of the website or app is checked to ensure it aligns with corresponding requirements established during the brainstorming and planning stages.

Some types of functional testing include:

  • Unit Testing: This involves developers creating and running unit tests to test every code block they craft before pushing it to the larger codebase. Each unit test verifies a single component and is the most granular test in the software development life cycle (SDLC). It is also the base for more expansive and layered tests down the line.
  • System Testing: This type of testing involves verifying that the software is tested as a fully integrated ecosystem, to check that it satisfies all requirements emerging from all stakeholders. It is commonly known as End-to-End Testing. At this point, you need access to a test environment that replicates real user conditions. The software must be verified for usage in the hands of real customers.
  • Regression Testing: This is triggered after every alteration to the software to verify that its stability and efficiency are intact. For every iteration of a software's architecture, there is a risk that changes will interfere with existing functions and features.

Functional testing cannot be done without good tools. Tools like WeTest give you instant access to hundreds of iOS and Android Real Devices on WeTest Cloud. Help you save millions of software and hardware costs. You can upload your software to every browser-device-OS combination in your target user base and ensure that any bugs in your apps are caught before they even hit the market.

Nonfunctional Testing: Ensuring the Software Meets Performance and Usability Standards

Nonfunctional testing covers non-functional attributes of any software. It tests non-functional software elements that include performance, usability, stability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability, though non-functional tests can include some aspects if the project requires it. Like functional tests, this form of QA verification also uses SRS (Software Requirements Specification) documents to create test scenarios, suites, and scripts.

Some types of nonfunctional testing include:

  • Security Testing: Security tests check the software's weaknesses and vulnerabilities to external attacks. Conducted from the POV of a hacker/attacker, it scans the software's system design and looks for gaps that could be exploited for data theft or for making unauthorized changes.
  • Recovery Testing: Recovery tests verify how fast and well a site/app can bounce back to peak functionality after crashes, hardware failures, or any unpredictable predicaments. You break the software by exposing it to different conditions and then monitor how quickly it recovers under each set of parameters.

What is localization testing?

Localization testing is a software testing approach that examines the quality of a software product concerning a specific target audience's region, locality, language, culture, or technical expectations. The purpose of localization testing is to ensure that the behavior of a software product is appropriate for users in a specific region. It is important to note that localization testing is only performed on the product's localized version.

Localization testing, which has a significant impact on a product's user interface and content, is performed to correct these errors and ensure that the application is appropriate for a particular region in terms of functionality, UI, and cultural expectations.

Localization testing is functional or nonfunctional?

Localization testing serves both functional and non-functional purposes in software development. Functionally, it verifies that the software operates correctly across different languages, cultures, and regions. This involves testing whether the translated text and localized content are accurate, readable, and displayed correctly.

From a non-functional standpoint, localization testing ensures that the software performs well in diverse locales and cultures. Testers assess factors like the software's response time and resource utilization under different language or regional settings. They also evaluate the software's usability and accessibility for users with varied language and cultural backgrounds.

So, localization testing is functional or nonfunctional now clear, it is a combination of functional and non-functional testing, essential to ensure that software works optimally for users around the world.

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