App QA

Test Plan Vs Test Strategy? | A Comprehensive Explanation

One of the most common queries we get from our clients is the comparison of test plan vs test strategy and how it differs in terms of advantages and application in the software development world. Let us find out everything about the two in our explanation here.


Planning the tests is the first step in every Software Testing Life Cycle for any organization. No matter whether you are involved in any kind of software project, this article will go through the very basic concepts of test plans and test strategies and our main topic of test plan vs test strategy.

What is Test Plan?

The test plan is an accurate & up-to-date document that covers everything for a testing project & is essential to the success of any project. A test plan is essentially a blueprint for how a project's testing activity will be carried out. This document serves as a point of reference, & the QA team only conducts testing based on that. This comprehensive document lists the test objectives, strategies, timeline, budget, and resources needed to complete the project. Consider it a guide for how test managers should run the tests necessary to make sure the software is functioning in. a proper way.

What is Test Strategy?

A test strategy is a comprehensive document that describes the approach taken to carry out software testing. It informs project managers, developers, & testers of the process's most critical issues. With practice, one can learn to create a successful test strategy. The test strategy outlines the criteria that must be met, the kind of testing that must be done, & how risks must be reduced on the test level. The entire team is informed of the testing strategy so that everyone on board adopts a similar methodology & frame of work.

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Test plan vs Test Strategy

1. The project scope & test focus are laid out in the test plan. It addresses test coverage, planning, features that should be tested & those that shouldn't be estimated, and resource management. While a test strategy is a set of instructions that must be followed to accomplish the test objective & carry out the test types specified in the testing plan. It addresses the testing objective, the testing environment, the testing methodology, the automation tools and strategy, the contingency plan, and the risk analysis.

2. Components of the Test Plan include the ID of test plans, features that will be tested, testing techniques, testing tasks, criteria for passing or failing the tests, test deliverables, responsibilities, & schedule. While the components of the Test Strategy include: the objectives & scope of the tests, documentation formats to be implemented, the entire test processes, the structure of reporting, and the client communication strategy.

3. Test plans can be changed but test strategies cannot be changed once set for a project.

4. To identify the risks, test planning is done to identify potential problems and dependencies. Test strategies, however, are long-term strategies. Information that is not project-specific can be abstracted and used in a test strategy.

5. Plans are used at the project level while the strategies are applied at the organizational level. 

6. A testing manager or lead executes a test plan that specifies how, when, who, and what will be tested. While the project manager executes a test strategy. It specifies the approach to use and the module to test.

7. In terms of definition, one way to describe a test plan for a software project is as a document that outlines the purpose, goals, strategy, and emphasis of a software testing effort. A test strategy, on the other hand, is a set of rules that specify test design and specify how testing must be conducted.

Wrapping Up:

This concludes our take on the topic “test plan vs test strategy” and related concepts. Many people find it difficult to distinguish between test strategies & test plans but there are very significant differences between the two. The test plan of software details what to test, when to test it, and how to test it while a test strategy is typically a static document. We also recommend checking out  WeTest APP Compatibility Testing and Mobile Game Compatibility Testing for the state-of-the-art testing and compatibility services which are trusted by many big names in the current gaming industry.

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