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What is a Black Box Test & How Does it Work?

Going through the basics of software testing and searching for what is a black box test? If yes then you have landed at the perfect page as this post will explain everything you need to know to about black box testing and all the essential concepts you need to know to get started.

The software universe is always changing with innovations pouring into space on daily basis. The same applies to the testing techniques for the security and quality of this software. In these testing environments, the Black Box Testing protocol is an ultra-high and secure security standard. 

What is a Black Box Test

A term is given to a broad category of techniques to check a certain software without even scanning the code inside it. Instead, everything is done from the outside if you consider the software as a box of codes. A black box test is a name given to any software technique which doesn't take into account any internal design and implementation of the test software it is taking into its account. 

What is Black Box Testing?

Black box testing is a broad category that includes a variety of techniques and technologies that check software from the outside without scanning the code. Black box testing refers to any type of software test that examines an application without knowledge of the internal design, structure, or implementation of the software project. This technique tests the software by checking the output and inputs without peering inside the software. Black Box testing is the opposite of white box testing which checks the internals of software and validates the internal coding and entire structure of software. 

Classification of Black Box Testing:

Black box testing can be applied to three main types of tests: functional, non-functional, and regression testing. The last one applies to check whether a new updated version of a software in consideration shows changes in regression or degradation in terms of its capabilities. Functional testing, as the name suggests tests the functions of the software which were designed by the developer. These tests check everything related to the working of a software or app it intends to do. Non-Functional testing is not related to whether the software performs its function or not but rather checks how well it performs that particular function. These test score how well the app or software is designed and can curate its users. The scope of these tests includes speeds during peak times, the interface and usability, compatibility with different hardware configurations, and how much it is exposed to security vulnerabilities in normal operations. 

The Pros & Cons of Black Box Testing: 

Black box testing is one of the best ways to check functional aspects of software at the time of writing. All the test cases of a software or app can be conveniently checked with black box testing procedures and help developers easily implement the applications. These testing techniques don't require the tester to know the coding techniques used in the software as he is not poking inside. Also, he can do the testing independently and does the work in an unbiased environment. 

It comes with some disadvantages as well; if the inputs and outputs under consideration for software are too many, it can be very exhausting for the tester to track the results. Moreover, the tester might not get any test results at all, and even if he gets them, the results won't be for the entire software which can make the testing experience troublesome. Moreover, these testing techniques cannot be used for software that is designed with high-level and complicated coding techniques. Functions that are required by many testers like initialization and termination errors, incorrect functions, missing functions, data structure errors, and interface errors are not detected by such testing techniques. Although the disadvantages are there, black box testing is still a great way to get an unbiased QA assessment for the engineers testing the software. This was our brief explanation of the question of what is a black box test and related concepts. 

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