App QA

Functional vs Performance Requirements

When defining functional vs performance requirements, the first one should address what a system should do and the second what level of quality should be met.

When defining functional vs performance requirements, the first one should address what a system should do and the second what level of quality should be met.
This guide provides a detailed overview of functional vs performance requirements giving their distinctions, importance, and properties, and will also provide their illustrations. The software development domain is quintessentially reliant upon requirements, as they form the basis of the project fabrication. 
Among these categories of requirements, two major types are functional and performative which govern how a piece of software must function and perform. WeTest undertakes This process covers the following: functionality check, device/OS version compatibility, performance examination, and security investigation. 

Understanding Functional Requirements

Functional requirements detail user behavior requirements and functionalities that software systems must master to fulfil users’ needs and business purposes. These standards outline the system in terms of what the system should do and what its features, capabilities, and interactions with users should include.

Characteristics of Functional Requirements

1. Descriptive Nature: Functional features comprise a comprehensive specification of the actions and what the system has to do to perform these actions successfully including inputs, outputs, and processes.

2. User-Centric Focus: These are functional requirements as they stem from the actual needs of users and the expectations of the users. Software systems then need to deliver appropriate functionality so that intended users can use them.

3. Measurable and Testable: Test verification of the functionality should be required related to technical specifications by the organization. A verifiable clear criteria for the correct system operation at all use stages have to be determined, for instance, gradually.

4. Specificity and Clarity: The peculiarities of performance specifications should be precise and undisputable in order for all key players and developers to be involved in the same understanding.

Examples of Functional Requirements

1. User Authentication: In this session, a login menu will be supplied, whereby the users will be allowed to log into their accounts using their username and password.
2. Search Functionality: The system is to be equipped with an option for searching products by having the customer enter the keywords in the search box to see only the most relevant outcomes.
3. Checkout Process: The program allows the users to use an online service for purchasing the products by adding items to the carts, entering the billing address, and clicking the checkout completely.
4. User Profile Management: App functionality will comprise user profile formation, modification, and termination, with giving choices for users who wish to change their personal data and preferences.

Understanding Performance Requirements

Performance requirements are parameters that describe the minimum level of performance and desired characteristics the system should demonstrate in commendation of speed, response time, scalability, and resource usage. Such conditions provide the system with perfectly acceptable output when subject to different circumstances.

Characteristics of Performance Requirements

1. Quantifiable Metrics: Therefore, the development of any system will necessarily reflect on concrete measurements (for example, response time, throughput, or resource usage) to help in objective review of system performance.
2. Context-Dependent: The needs for applied operations and scenarios where a software system is based can differ in context, depending on user ability, concurrency, or environmental conditions.
3. Non-Functional Attributes: The performance criteria should be in the non-functional requirements category including that of the application behavior as opposed to functions.
4. Trade-offs and Prioritization: Performance specifications involve tradeoffs usually; in that case, the user system's level of criticality and expectations might come into play and determine the priority.

Examples of Performance Requirements

1. Response Time: System response will be 2 seconds under normal loads and 5 seconds under peak loads at maximum.
2. Throughput: The system will support at least 100 active user sessions and deliver a transaction rate of no less than 50 trades per second.
3. Scalability: The solution provided will be scalable enough to support 50% more user traffic in the span of 6 months without a sacrifice in performance.
4. Availability: The system would provide 99.9% uptime, or be accessible and available to users round the clock, while its service interruption would be communicated beforehand.

Functional vs Performance Requirements

After an in-depth knowledge of functional and performance requirements, we can clearly distinguish between the functional vs performance requirements by looking into the following points:
1. Purpose: One of the main functions of the system is represented in the system features and programs that the system should have a system performance - the system should be fast, scalable, and responsive.
2. Nature: While functional requirements are descriptive and state users' needs, requirements performance, in an opposite way, context-driven and which defines measurable performance metrics, are quantitative.
3. Verification: Compatibility-related requirements are tested to be sure that the modules function well and according to specification; then system performance is tested against the given performance criteria to see if it sticks to the given performance criterion.


Two types of software development process subsets are called functional vs performance requirements showing what a system should do and how it should operate, correspondingly. Through the team’s ability to split up specifications into these two types, the team will have a greater likelihood of verifying that they built installed systems that flesh out clients’ goals.

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