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Why a Professional Software Test Plan is Important in SLDC?

What is a software test plan? Why it is needed? and what are its direct advantages in the current software development practices? This article explores all these points in detail.

Introduction: 

Planning the software test plan is the first step in every Software Testing Life Cycle. No matter the scale of the product or project, this article will go over every step of the planning process and emphasize everything required to establish result-oriented software tests.

What is a Test Plan?

It describes the testing goals, schedules, estimated results/deliverables, and all the resources needed to carry out testing on a software product are all described in detail in a test plan. The test plan aids in estimating the amount of work required to verify the application's quality. When the test plan is being made, a QA engineer carefully monitors & checks the entire test plan to ensure that software testing activities are carried out according to a defined methodology by clients.

Why is Test Plan Important?

A test plan is crucial because it offers a structured method of testing, aids in the early detection of potential risks and problems, and guarantees that the software has been completely tested before being made available to end users. Additionally, it helps the testing team, developers, and stakeholders establish clear lines of communication and expectations, and it gives a record of the testing process that may be used for future reference or audits.

Features of Test Plans

A typical test plan for any project will feature these main points:

Scope of Test Plan: 

This describes the goals of the specific project. It also describes the user scenarios that will be used in tests. If necessary, the scope might state which situations or problems the project won't address.

Schedule of Test Plan: 

A test plan will come with definite project start & finish dates for testers' results. It specifies which tester will work on which test in the resource allocation.

Testing Environment:

It will describe the type, configuration, and availability of the test environment in which the tests are being carried out.

Tools in Test Plan: 

Provides information about the tools that will be used for testing, issue reporting, and other pertinent tasks.

Problem Management in Test Plan: 

Specifies how defects will be reported, who will receive them, and what information must be provided with each bug report. Should bugs be reported with images? Text logs, or videos showing where they appear in the code? all are considered here.

Novices may shy away from test planning because they are aware that any plans will probably change. The same applies to test plans. You shouldn't let the possibility of modifications stop you from developing a test plan, though. How does one go about designing a plan that is durable and adaptable to changes?

The solution is based on a straightforward idea. The test plan gets more fragile when modifications are made the more explicit and detailed the plan is in terms of things like names, dates, risks, and technical specifications. The end objectives of a typical test, its scope, and other more important aspects don’t change in a test plan until revised. A recommended practice is to refer to schedules, personnel, and other elements in such a way that modifications can be made without necessitating the creation of a new test plan version.

How to Write a Test Plan?

Having a sample or standard software test plan to work from is highly beneficial. There are test plan examples in books and other industry publications devoted to software testing if your firm doesn't already have test plans or standards in place. However, be cautious when implementing any test plan sample, you discover online. Like any other document, test plans might have flaws, sometimes very serious ones. Therefore, while using a template, make sure it fulfills your requirements and doesn't leave out crucial details.

When it comes to test plans, ISO/IEC/IEEE 29119-3 is the main international standard for test documentation, including test plans, test cases, and test procedures. This standard includes guidelines for both conventional and agile test plans, as well as illustrations of each form of test plan.

Although some individuals view standards as being limiting, they can also be your ally. Standards can replace the need to begin your test preparation efforts from scratch by offering direction and examples based on many years of industry experience and practice. Standards need to be adjusted to your needs. As a result, it is acceptable to customize and modify the standard.

When it comes to software test plans, testing techniques, and professional third-party services, nobody does it better than WeTest. Clients can access PerfDog, a fully polished and industry-standard solution for performance Test & analysis which is designed to improve the performance and quality of applications and games. Also, with these tools, clients will get support from a professional team for their test plans and other related aspects.

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